Founded in 1789, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is the oldest public university in the United States. In 1877, the State of North Carolina began sponsoring additional higher education institutions. Over time the state added a women's college (now known as the University of North Carolina at Greensboro), a land-grant university (North Carolina State University), five historically black institutions, and one to educate American Indians (the University of North Carolina at Pembroke). Others were created to prepare teachers for public education and to instruct performing artists.During the Depression, the North Carolina General Assembly searched for cost savings within state government. Towards this effort in 1931, it redefined the University of North Carolina, which at the time referred exclusively to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; the new Consolidated University of North Carolina was created to include the existing campuses of University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina State University, and the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. The three campuses came under the leadership of just one board and one president. By 1969, three additional campuses had joined the Consolidated University through legislative action: the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, the University of North Carolina at Asheville, and the University of North Carolina at Wilmington.
In 1971, North Carolina passed legislation bringing into the University of North Carolina all 16 public institutions that confer bachelor degrees. This round of consolidation granted each constituent institution a Chancellor and a Board of Trustees. In 1985, the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, a residential high school for gifted students, was declared an affiliated school of the university. In 2007, the high school became a full member of the university.
StructureEditrticle IX of the North Carolina State Constitution provides authorization for the creation of the University of North Carolina. Under this authorization, Chapter 116 of the North Carolina General Statutes entrusts the University of North Carolina to its Board of Governors. The Board of Governors is the policy-making body charged with "the general determination, control, supervision, management, and governance of all affairs of the constituent institutions." It elects the president, who administers the university. The 32 voting members of the Board of Governors are elected by the General Assembly for four-year terms. The current Chairman of UNC's Board of Governors is Peter Hans, who was preceded by Hannah Gage. The president of the UNC Association of Student Governments (ASG) is also a non-voting member.
Each of the UNC campuses is headed by a chancellor who is chosen by the Board of Governors on the president's nomination and is responsible to the president. Each university has a board of trustees consisting of eight members elected by the Board of Governors, four appointed by the governor, and the president of the student body, who serves ex officio. (The UNC School of the Arts has two additional ex officio members; and the NC School of Science and Mathematics has a 27-member board as required by law.) Each board of trustees holds extensive powers over academic and other operations of its campus on delegation from the Board of Governors.
Within its seventeen campuses, UNC houses two medical schools and one teaching hospital, ten nursing programs, a school of dentistry, and a school of pharmacy, as well as a veterinary school, two law schools, 15 schools of education, three schools of engineering, and a school for performing artists. The oldest university, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, first admitted students in 1795. The smallest and newest member is the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, a residential two-year high school, founded in 1980 and a full member of the University since 2007. The largest university is North Carolina State University, with 33,819 students as of 2009 Fall.
While the official names of each campus are determined by the North Carolina General Assembly, abbreviations are determined by the individual school.
|North Carolina Arboretum||Asheville, Buncombe County||1989|
|North Carolina Center for the Advancement of Teaching||Cullowhee, Jackson County||1985|
|North Carolina Center for International Understanding||Raleigh, Wake County|
|North Carolina Center for Nursing||Raleigh, Wake County|
|North Carolina State Approving Agency||Raleigh, Wake County|
|North Carolina State Education Assistance Authority||Raleigh, Wake County|
|UNC Center for Public Television (UNC-TV)||Research Triangle Park, Durham County||1955|
|UNC Faculty Assembly||Chapel Hill, Orange County|
|University of North Carolina Press||Chapel Hill, Orange County||1922|
|UNC Staff Assembly||Chapel Hill, Orange County|
PresidentsEditFor presiding professors of the University of North Carolina prior to 1804, see Leaders of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
|Rev. Joseph Caldwell||1804–1812|
|Robert Hett Chapman||1812–1816|
|Rev. Joseph Caldwell||1816–1835|
|Elisha Mitchell *||1835|
|David Lowry Swain||1835–1868|
|Rev. Solomon Pool||1869–1872|
|Rev. Charles Phillips||1875–1876|
|Kemp Plummer Battle||1876–1891|
|George Tayloe Winston||1891–1896|
|Edwin Anderson Alderman||1896–1900|
|Francis Preston Venable||1900–1914|
|Edward Kidder Graham||1914–1918|
|Marvin Hendrix Stacy||1918–1919|
|Harry Woodburn Chase||1919–1930|
|Frank Porter Graham||1930-1949
(UNC Consolidation in 1931)
|William Donald Carmichael, Jr. *||1949–1950|
|J. Harris Purks *||1955–1956|
|William Clyde Friday||1956–1986
(acting until 1957)
|Molly Corbett Broad||1997–2006|
|Thomas W. Ross||2011–present|
An asterisk (*) denotes acting president.